Turmeric is a medicinal plant of the genus Curcuma. This genus of plants is from the ginger family, Zingiberaceae. Commonly known as turmeric in the English language, this plant’s name comes from Sanskrit which means “yellow.”
Herbal remedy of the year 2013
Turmeric has been used for centuries both as a spice and as a medicine to treat a wide variety of conditions as turmeric is good for health. Curcuma longa contains curcuminoids such as curcumin, demethoxycurcumin, bisdemethoxycurcumin, and turmerones (heterodimers), all together or separately with essential oils. Turmeric has numerous medical benefits including antiinflammatory effects, the ability to prevent various cancers like prostate, breast cancer, etc., it also slows down the progression of Alzheimer’s disease, prevents kidney damage, and helps to control diabetes. For these reasons turmeric has been declared as the “herbal remedy of the year 2013”.
Turmeric good for the treatment
The curcuminoids present in turmeric are natural phenols that protect the human body from different health diseases like arthritis, cancer, etc., due to their antioxidant activity. It helps our body to remove toxins known as free radicals which can cause a disease state called oxidative stress. Curcuminoid is a polyphenol compound with very potent antioxidant properties. This anti-inflammatory action also reduces chronic inflammation which can promote carcinogenesis, as well as its works as an antitumor agent against various types of cancers including skin cancer i.e., melanoma. In addition to that, it also suppresses tumor cell growth by arresting cell cycle progression or inducing apoptosis.
Turmeric good for many years in traditional remedies to cure various types of cancers like prostate cancer. Curcumin is a natural compound contained in turmeric which has several medicinal properties including anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. Curcumin blocks the body’s inflammatory response which is linked to chronic diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease, arthritis, etc. Curcumin can cross the blood-brain barrier after crossing the intestinal membrane, therefore, its bioavailability is improved by using inhibitors of p-glycoprotein. The study was done on 21 healthy people who received either a placebo or 1g/day dose of Curcuma Longa Linn (standardized to contain 95% curcuminoids) for 7 days. Their cerebrospinal fluid was obtained by an indwelling lumbar catheter under basal conditions and after a single dose of curcumin or placebo. They also measured the levels of lipopolysaccharide-binding protein (LBP), a marker of systemic inflammation.
Turmeric good for cancer patient
According to a study done on ovarian cancer patients ” those with high plasma levels had more than the three-fold increased risk for death from all causes, as compared with those who had low concentrations” There are some tumor cells that become resistant to chemotherapy due to multidrug resistance gene which is encoded in MDR1 gene through alternate promoter called as P-glycoprotein. Curcumin helps to decrease MDR-1 gene product and increase the sensitivity of chemotherapy in ovarian cancer cells. Curcumin has been shown to reduce the risk of stomach, colon, pancreatic cancers, etc., In a clinical trial reported last year in the journal Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology two compounds found in turmeric i.eCurcumin and demethoxycurcumin, when taken regularly orally were associated with a decreased size of precancerous lesions and polyps of the bowel: an effect attributed to decreasing inflammation within the gastrointestinal tract.
Alzheimer’s disease and Turmeric
It was also reported that it might be helpful for sufferers of Alzheimer’s disease by acting as an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor which inhibits the breakdown of acetylcholine (ACh), this helps to maintain a higher level of ACh which is required for effective transmission of nerve impulse. This inhibition results in increased cognitive function and improved memory loss.